Cost minimization analysis of two chemotherapy regimens in the treatment of colorectal cancer in a public reimbursement hospital in Brazil
Objective: To conduct a pharmacoeconomic evaluation between XELOX and mFOLFOX6 in the adjuvant and metastatic treatment of colorectal cancer from the perspective of a public reimbursement hospital. Methods: The cost minimization analysis was conducted for patients who started treatment in 2013 and 2014. The micro-costing technique was used to verify expenditures on drugs, materials, laboratory and imaging tests, ambulatory and daily hospitalization, human and administrative resources and determine the individual cost of each alternative, per patient. To evaluate the robustness of the economic analysis, multivariate sensitivity analysis was performed in six different scenarios. Results: There was an average cost for XELOX of U$ 4,637.14 in adjuvant and U$ 3,831.48 for palliative treatment, and a cost for mFOLFOX6 of U$ 5,474.89 in adjuvant and U$ 4,432.95 in palliative treatment. Sensitivity analysis maintained the dominance of XELOX. Material and drug costs accounted for about 85% of the total cost of XELOX; for mFOLFOX6 this cost was around 36%. On the other hand, the cost of hospitalization and placement of a catheter occured exclusively for mFOLFOX6, which also presented a higher cost with human resources. Conclusion: From the perspective of the hospital, XELOX proved to be the least costly alternative on the treatment of colorectal cancer.
How to Cite
The authors hereby transfer, assign, or otherwise convey to RBFHSS: (1) the right to grant permission to republish or reprint the stated material, in whole or in part, without a fee; (2) the right to print republish copies for free distribution or sale; and (3) the right to republish the stated material in any format (electronic or printed). In addition, the undersigned affirms that the article described above has not previously been published, in whole or part, is not subject to copyright or other rights except by the author(s), and has not been submitted for publication elsewhere, except as communicated in writing to RHFHSS with this document.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY-NC-ND) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
This journal permits and encourages authors to post and archive the final pdf of the articles submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit its publication in this journal.