Good practices in the management of medical gases in teaching hospitals in Brazil: situational diagnosis
Keywords:Keywords: medical gases; good practices; situation analysis.
Objective: To characterize compliance with good practices in medical gas management in federal teaching hospitals in Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional survey-type study, designed to perform a situational diagnosis of the pharmacy services in 40 federal teaching hospitals in Brazil linked to the Brazilian Hospital Services Company, with respect to compliance with good practices in gas management, through the application of the ABPGasMed 1.0 instrument. This instrument consists of 54 compliance standards divided into two sections (structure and process). The characterization of research participants and hospitals, and the classification of hospitals in terms of performance categories were expressed as absolute and relative values. Chi-square tests of independence were performed to investigate the association between the hospital’s performance category and the hospital’s geographic region and size. Results: In total, 87.5% of the invited hospitals participated in the study, and only 27.59% of the hospitals had a pharmacist responsible for medicinal gases. Pharmacovigilance was performed by pharmacists in 20.59% of the hospitals. Analyzing the hospitals by region of the country and size, statistically significant associations were found between the general classification of hospitals and the geographic region (x2(8)=18.936, p= 0.015), as well as the classification of the hospital and structure and size (x2(9)= 20.373, p= 0.016). Analyses of the adjusted standardized residues returned an association between the southeastern region and the satisfactory performance category when analyzing the entire instrument, and between the excellent performance category in the structure section and size of a small hospital. Conclusion: In most of the hospitals studied, management of medicinal gases did not show the desired performance, which indicates the need to comply with current healthcare legislations and improve the provided services. It is believed that compliance rates may evolve training of healthcare team members, with an emphasis on the pharmacist.
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