Evaluation of potential drug interactions in hospital admission

Authors

  • Jackeline L. Santos
  • Luana R. Spalla
  • Selma R. Castilho

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30968/rbfhss.2019.101.0384

Abstract

Introduction: In clinical practice, drugs association is common and can lead to drug interactions (MI), which can lead to an avoidable adverse events that may need a for pharmaceutical intervention. Objective: The objective of this study is to identify and evaluate the drug interactions present on prescriptions of patients at the adult medical clinic of a hospital in Rio de Janeiro, at admission moment. Method: Cross-sectional study involving the analysis of information through the database (e-sus). Interactions were classified according to the Micromedex database. Results: A total of 177 prescriptions were evaluated. The main underlying disease was the neoplasias (36.16%), and the main cause of hospitalization was pain (8.5%). Of the prescriptions evaluated, 81.93% had some potential MI. A total of 180 types of MI were identified, representing 600 IM. Considering the degree of severity, 60% (358) were classified as severe MI, 38% (229) moderate, 1% (7) low and contraindicated. The most prevalent drug involved in MI was dipyrone (43.8%). The most frequent severe MI was between Dipirona + Enoxaparin (9.4%). Among moderate MI, Dipirone + Captopril (14.8%) was the most frequent and among the low ones, Furosemide + Hydralazine (42.9%). The contraindicated MI appeared in a similar way with 16.7% each. According to the scientific evidence found, serious MI had mostly reasonable documentation (59.5%), while the moderate ones had the majority of documentation classified as good (48.9%). Conclusion: In this context it is reasonable to consider that the pharmaceutical analysis of prescription at the patient admission may contribute to preventing drug-related adverse events.

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Published

2020-03-14

How to Cite

1.
Santos JL, Spalla LR, Castilho SR. Evaluation of potential drug interactions in hospital admission. Rev Bras Farm Hosp Serv Saude [Internet]. 2020Mar.14 [cited 2021Nov.29];10(1):384. Available from: https://rbfhss.org.br/sbrafh/article/view/384

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