Profile of safety and effectiveness dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors

Authors

  • TATIANE AIDA SANTANA NOGUEIRA
  • JÉSSICA AZEVEDO DE AQUINO
  • CRISTINA SANCHES GIRAUD
  • ANDRÉ DE OLIVEIRA BALDONI

Keywords:

Antidiabéticos, Diabetes Mellitus, Farmacovigilância.

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the safety profile and effectiveness of antidiabetic drugs dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4).

Methods: Articles were selected through a review in Portal de Periódicos Capes. The following descriptors were used: "saxagliptin", "sitagliptin", "linagliptin," "vildagliptin", "alogliptin", "dutogliptin" and "Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitors". The "AND" connector was used between the descriptors and the word "meta-analysis". The research or study was limited to publications in English, Spanish and Portuguese. Only meta-analyzes that contemplated parameters of safety and / or effectiveness of DPP-4 inhibitors were included.

Results: Based on 23 studies, it was observed that DPP-4 inhibitors showed a proven average reduction of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from 0.6% to 0.93% compared to placebo. However, when the DPP-4 inhibitors were combined with metformin, glycemic control was more effective. It was also observed that the DPP-4 inhibitors are associated with reduced risk of bone fractures, the protective effect on plasma lipids and cardiovascular events. And yet, they were not associated with increased risk of pancreatic reactions. However, they are associated with higher incidence of urinary tract infections and nasopharyngitis.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the DPP-4 inhibitors are new and promising therapeutic options, since they have reduced risk of hypoglycemia. However, new longitudinal clinical studies with larger sample size are needed in order to confirm the associations identified in the selected meta-analyzes.

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Published

2019-03-11

How to Cite

1.
NOGUEIRA TAS, AQUINO JAD, GIRAUD CS, BALDONI ADO. Profile of safety and effectiveness dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. Rev Bras Farm Hosp Serv Saude [Internet]. 2019Mar.11 [cited 2024Apr.25];5(4). Available from: https://rbfhss.org.br/sbrafh/article/view/209

Issue

Section

ARTIGOS PUBLICADOS

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