Burnout syndrome in hospital pharmacists of Brazil: validation through factor analysis
Keywords:farmacêutico hospitalar, esgotamento profissional.
Objective. The objective of this paper is to describe the prevalence and the risk factors of Burnout syndrome in Brazilian hospital pharmacists to which they are subjected in the workplace.
Methods. Descriptive cross study. Two questionnaires were used: (1) socio-organizational and (2) Maslach Scale. The independence test and Chi-square tests were applied for statistical analysis. For the validation we applied the factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha reliability, validity and standardization of the resulting constructs.
Results. Hospital pharmacists (n=174); Sex: female (n=137, 78.73%); Age ≤ 25 years (n=26; 14,90%), 26 to 30 years (n=45; 25,86%), 31 to 35 years (n = 44; 25,28%), 36 to 40 years (n=21; 12,06%), 41 to 50 years (n=24; 13,79%) and 50 years (n=14; 8,04%); Marital status: single (n=82; 47.12%), married (n=73; 41.95%), stable union (n=11; 6.32%), separated (n=1; 0.57%), divorced (n=7; 4.02%); Children: 01 children (n=32; 18.39%), 02 children (n=28; 16.09%), 03 children (n=4; 2.29%), without children (n=110; 63.21%) Education: graduate (n=28; 16.09%), specialization (n=116; 66.67%), Master (n=27; 15.52%), Ph.D. (n=3; 1.72%).Weekly Hours: ≤ 20 hours (n=2; 1.15%), 21 to 49 hours (n=134; 77.01%) to ≥ 50 hours (n=37; 21.38%). Institutions: public (n=95; 54.59%), private (n=67; 38.50%) and foundation (n=12; 6.89%). Size: large, 151 to 500 beds (n=120; 69.00%).Complexity: tertiary (n=95; 54.60%) and secondary (n=67; 38.50%) and primary (n=12; 6.89%). Position: direction (n=19; 11.00%), supervision (n=85; 49.00%) and operation (n=69; 40.00%). Contract: Military (n=1; 0.56%), temporary (n=36; 21.00%), service provider (n=40; 23%), government employee (n=96; 55.44%). Satisfied with job type (n=108; 62.00%) and dissatisfied with salary (n=154; 89%). The factorial analysis identified to emotion exhaustion 27,81 (±9,29), professional accomplishment 23,06 (±5,8) and depersonalization 44,01 (±10,46); ages, number of children, dissatisfied with salary and weekly hours were considered risk factors.Conclusion: The pharmacists presented burnout syndrome as age, number of children, salary and workload. This syndrome should be valued at the institutions to which the injuries are diagnosed and solved
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