Scenery of Brazilian studies on medication errors: an integrative review
The objective of this integrative review was to identify studies conducted in Brazil that address the occurrence of medication errors in a hospital environment. A integrative review was conducted with national observational studies which analyzed the occurrence of errors related to medication in the hospital environment. 1028 articles were found, of which only 23 (20.4%) studies met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Among the professional classes most investigated in medication errors are nurses (44.8%), followed by physicians (24.1%), nursing technicians (17.2%) and pharmacists (13.9%). The most prevalent medication errors are those related to dose (18.0%), omission (15.7%), time of administration (11.2%) and prescription (11.2%). The strategies of investigation of errors used in the Brazilian hospital systems do not always cover all professionals involved in the medication process. It is necessary that professionals work in an interdisciplinary way, aiming at the safety and well-being of the patient.
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